OBESITY SURGERY AND GASTRIC BALOON
What is obesity?
An excessive buildup of fat tissues that is detrimental to overall health is referred to as obesity. Global studies show that in the past 50 years, the prevalence of obesity has tripled. Presently, 23% of adults are categorized as obese and close to 35% of adults are overweight. In addition to being an aesthetic concern, being overweight raises the risk of contracting other significant disorders. When adipose tissue builds up in the body, it excretes hormones and chemicals that boost the appetite, raise the threshold for feeling full, and accelerate the progression of obesity.As a result, once a certain stage has been reached, it could be challenging to resolve the issue on your own. The good news is that if a patient is motivated and seeks out a skilled medical team, obesity can be prevented and treated..
Causes of Obesity
In short, consuming too many calories leads to overweight and obesity. It indicates that you are consuming more calories than you are using up. The extra calories are turned into body fat and kept there. In other words, overweight and obesity are risks for everybody who eats excessively and walks insufficiently. However, weight growth may also be influenced by a few inherited factors, medical illnesses including hypothyroidism, and medications like anti-seizure medications.
Obesity Risk Factors
Usually, a variety of behavioral, environmental, and hereditary variables cause excessive weight gain. Some of them include:
How is Obesity Measured?
Body mass index (BMI) is a straightforward and widely used metric for assessing obesity. It takes the patient's height and weight into account. You can divide your weight in kilos by your height in meters, then divide the result by your height once more to determine your BMI. The final outcome is compared to the following BMI classification chart:
Classification of Obesity According to the Body Mass Index
BMI lower than 18.5 kg/m²
BMI between 18.5 – 24.9 kg/m²
Normal (healthy weight)
BMI between 25 – 29.9 kg/m²
BMI between 30 – 34.9 kg/m²
Class I Obesity
BMI between 35 – 39.9 kg/m²
Class II Obesity
BMI over 40 kg/m²
Class III Obesity (Morbid obesity)
Complications of Obesity
Obesity and being overweight can have detrimental effects on your health. Along with potential digestive issues, it may cause high blood pressure and cholesterol levels, opening the door to heart conditions and stroke. Overweight causes musculoskeletal diseases, including osteoarthritis, by increasing strain on the joints. A higher BMI increases the chance of developing a number of non-communicable disorders, including type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, and several cancers. Additionally, it's linked to a lower quality of life, anxiety, sadness, and social isolation.
How Can You Prevent Obesity?
You can walk your pet on a regular basis or engage in a moderate fitness regimen. Eat more plant-based foods and prepare your own meals. Avoid long-term stress, and get 7-8 hours of sleep each night. Contact a comprehensive obesity clinic where a team of experts can evaluate your case and create a customized weight-loss program to help you reach your objectives if none of these strategies work to keep you at a healthy weight.
At least once a year, BMI screenings for both adults and children should be performed. If the numbers are on the rise, the doctor can advise dieting and exercising to stop additional weight gain.
A excellent place to start when evaluating weight is the BMI. However, it disregards crucial elements including age, gender, muscle mass, and body fat distribution. It's crucial to understand where fat deposits occur in the body for the accurate diagnosis and treatment of obesity. Generally speaking, there are two types of obesity: pear-shaped and apple-shaped. In obesity with an apple shape, fat builds up in the belly, whereas obesity with a pear shape, fat builds up around the hips. Abdominal fat, also known as waist fat, is more likely to raise the risk of serious health issues, like diabetes or cardiac disease. Men with waistlines greater than 94 cm are thought to be at an increased risk, while those with waistlines greater than 102 cm are thought to be at high risk. Women who have waistlines greater than 80 cm and greater than 88 cm are at higher risk.
The patient's medical history and current health status are taken into account while diagnosing obesity. An effective treatment plan is determined by a variety of things. For best results, we advise consulting an expert in this area.
A skilled medical team must provide comprehensive care for obese patients since obesity is a difficult and complex disease. Each patient's course of treatment is determined individually and may include:
Nonsurgical Weight Loss Procedures
These non-invasive, reversible weight loss methods don't require surgery or a hospital stay. They work best in patients with a BMI of 27 to 35 who are still ineligible for obesity surgery but are unable to control their weight by diet and exercise. The following non-invasive procedures are carried out at the Deva Hospital Obesity Clinic:
The effects of gastric balloon and botox are remarkably comparable. The average total body weight decrease six months following the operation is between 7 and 15 percent. Depending on the patient's commitment to making the advised lifestyle adjustments, it can be more or less. Patients who need to reduce more bodyweight and have a BMI over 40 should not use these treatments. In certain circumstances, bariatric surgery may provide a remedy.
What is Bariatric Surgery?
Morbid obesity is treated with bariatric surgery, commonly known as obesity surgery and weight-loss surgery. Metabolic surgery is the name given to the procedure when it is carried out to treat a chronic illness like diabetes. The procedure successfully alters the digestive tract to aid with weight loss. With the help of various approaches, bariatric surgery can lower the size of the stomach, the surface area where nutrients are absorbed from the intestines, or both.
Candidates for Bariatric Surgery
When diet and exercise alone have failed, patients with BMIs greater than 40 may have the option of having bariatric surgery. Patients with a BMI of 35 or above who suffer from one or more weight-related health issues, such as osteoarthritis, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, sleep apnea, or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, may use it. Patients with class I obesity (BMI 30.0-34.9 kg/m2) and inadequately managed hyperglycemia while receiving the best possible medical care with either oral or injectable drugs should also be given the option of having metabolic surgery as a treatment for type 2 diabetes (including insulin).Bariatric surgery is also not recommended for those who have major heart conditions, are currently abusing drugs or alcohol, are receiving treatment for cancer, have mental health issues, or are pregnant. Candidates considering obesity surgery need to understand that in order to obtain and maintain good outcomes, they will need to undertake long-term lifestyle adjustments.
Types of Bariatric Surgery
There are various techniques, and which one is used depends on the patient's condition and the desired outcomes. Surgical options available at the Deva Hospital Obesity Clinic include:
Following bariatric surgery, patients should maintain a regular diet and exercise routine. Therefore, the patient's desire to make permanent adjustments is a key factor in the long-term effectiveness of obesity treatment.
Benefits of Bariatric Surgery
Within two years of having obesity surgery, patients can anticipate losing between 60 and 80 percent of their excess body weight. If the patient adheres to the suggested regimen and adopts a healthy lifestyle, these outcomes are long-lasting. In general, 80 to 90 percent of people who have bariatric surgery succeed in losing weight.
Along with weight loss, obesity surgery provides significant improvement in many medical conditions:
Is Bariatric Surgery Safe?
For those with extreme obesity, surgery may be a life-saving option. However, because it is a significant procedure, there are dangers and side effects to be aware of, including bleeding, infections, and blood clots. These are all controllable conditions. In addition, there are more long-term benefits of bariatric surgery than hazards. With the help of a multidisciplinary team of professionals, we conduct a thorough evaluation at the Deva Hospital Obesity Clinic to make sure that every patient receives the most appropriate medical treatment. When done in a skilled facility equipped to handle potential complications, bariatric surgery is typically safe.